Creating and Using Rubrics

Creating and Using Rubrics

Rubrics are formal systems for determining the quality of products, activities, processes, and behaviors.

Rubrics can be used for formative feedback, determination of grades, or assessing performance of specific student learning outcomes. When provided to students before and during assignments, rubrics can help students interpret and anticipate expected levels of performance.

Effective rubrics, in general, should:

  • Be based on an analysis of the student's work
  • Discriminate among performances by specifically targeting key features of performance/understanding
  • Use descriptors that the students understand and can use to verify with their score and self-assess, as well as self-correct to move their performance to the next level
  • Should be made real through examples of student work that match the various levels of performance. The students need to be able to see and comprehend what is beginning, basic, proficient and advanced.

A few additional things to remember:

  • Rubrics should not be a secret.
  • The rubric should be explained and posted before instruction begins, and it should be referenced as content is delivered.
  • Teachers should provide multiple examples (exemplars) of actual products, assignments, or student work that matches each level of the rubric.
Last modified: Monday, 2 July 2012, 11:56 AM