Developing Rubrics

Developing Rubrics

Developing rubrics helps clarify the expectations you have for student performance by providing detailed descriptions of those agreed upon expectations. A well-developed rubric makes assessments more effective, efficient, and reliable. When developing a rubric, there are four steps to consider.

The first step is to set the scale. In other words, what scale will you use to assess your students? Some examples of scales are a 3-point scale, a four-point scale, or a five-point scale.  For our example, we will set a four-point scale.

After you have set the scale, add proficiency descriptions to each number in the scale. For example, if you are using a four-point scale, a score of "4" might indicate a student has advanced proficiency, "3" means they are proficient, "2" means they have basic proficiency, and a "1" indicates beginning proficiency.

Next, identify the components you are assessing. For example, if you are creating a rubric for a grading an essay, what components of the essay are you assessing?

Let's say we wanted to assess our student's ability to express ideas within the essay. In this case, a "4" would mean the student possesses an advanced ability to express ideas. A "3" would mean the student is proficient at expressing ideas, a "2" indicates the student has a basic proficiency for expressing ideas in an essay, and a "1" indicates a beginning proficiency.

The final step when creating a rubric is to determine the descriptions of performance for each proficiency description. Let's use our essay example… we said that a "4" indicated a student had advanced proficiency.

If a student possesses an advanced proficiency to express ideas in their essay, it might mean the essay is focused and clearly expresses ideas to the reader. Furthermore, if a "3" indicates the writer is proficient in expressing ideas, their essay is might be focused at times, but the reader is still able to understand what is being communicated.

Performance descriptions would also be needed for the remaining numbers in the scale.

It's important to remember that you might have more than one grading component.

When scoring an essay, you would not just assess the student’s ability to express ideas. You also might assess their use of grammar and spelling.

To finish your rubric, following the same procedure for each grading component the students will be assessed on.

Last modified: Wednesday, 18 July 2012, 10:24 AM